These Master Cells are the Body's Building Blocks
Your baby's cord blood is a rich source of stem cells, which are the body's "master cells." These are genetically unique building blocks that make up the blood, organs, tissue, and the immune system.
During transplantation, when cord blood is used to replace the bone marrow, stem cells help repair the body by differentiating into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, the three types of cells necessary for healthy blood and a sound immune system. It has been shown through research that stem cells can also turn into other cell types, including bone, heart, muscle, and nerve cells.
When you bank your newborn’s cord blood, you preserve a unique biological resource that is like a "repair kit" for your child, and possibly another immediate family member.
Uses of Stem Cells
Stem cells have been used to treat over 80 diseases, including malignancies, blood disorders and immune deficiencies. Stem cells work by providing new cells to replace damaged, diseased, or defective cells.
- Stem cells can actively divide and produce new blood cells within two to six weeks.
- will stimulate regeneration of the blood components in the bone marrow damaged by high doses of chemotherapy or radiation. This often occurs in leukemia or lymphoma, for example, when the bone marrow is diseased and must be destroyed.
- Stem cells can correct defects in children with inherited or inborn errors of metabolism by replacing these defective cells in the bone marrow with new, non-defective cells.
- Stem cells can produce other types of cells that travel to the brain, liver, and other organs. Research is currently being done on these other uses.
The Body's Master Cells
Stem cells can change (or differentiate) into other cell types inside the body as needed. This is why they are considered a medical miracle with huge promise for disease treatments.